Mar 04, 2020 · Boiler or more specifically steam boiler is an essential part of thermal power plant. Definition of Boiler Steam boiler or simply a boiler is basically a closed vessel into which water is heated until the water is converted into steam at required pressure.
A boiler or steam generator is a device used to create steam by applying heat energy to water.Although the definitions are somewhat flexible, it can be said that older steam generators were commonly termed boilers and worked at low to medium pressure (7–2,000 kPa or 1–290 psi) but, at pressures above this, it is more usual to speak of a steam generator.
A heat exchanger utilisation the waste heat in flue gas of the steam boiler or steam generator itself for increasing the boiler efficiency, is called an ECONOMISER. It can be used for preheating the feed water, but also for external purposes including preheating of make-up water, domestic water or central heating water.
The steam power plants work on the Rankine Cycle. In Rankine cycle, superheated steam is generated and then taken to steam turbine. The steam drives the turbine which in turn generates the electricity. The used steam is again converted in to water using a condenser. This recovered water is again fed back to the boiler to generate steam.
Steam Boiler Types. The steam boilers are classified into several types based on its requirement. Water Tube Boiler. The water tube boiler is one type of boiler, and the main function of this boiler is the water in the tube will be heated to generate the vapor.
A steam generator is a form of low water-content boiler, similar to a flash steam boiler. The usual construction is as a spiral coil of water-tube, arranged as a single, or monotube, coil. Circulation is once-through and pumped under pressure, as a forced-circulation boiler.
The Circulatic® Watertube Steam Generator is a forced recirculation watertube boiler that uses a drum as a steam separator and a reservoir of water to supply the coils. A recirculating pump draws the water from the drum and forces it through a set of parallel connected coils at the rate of 3 to 4 times the maximum steaming rate.
Application of a Steam Boilers: Steam Boilers are use in all process industries, where required Steam. There are Following application of steam boilers * Thermal Power plant * Steel Industry * Textile industry * Sugar industry * Plywood industry
The generator design does not utilize a steam drum where the steam of a boiler has a disengagement area from the water in so the use of a steam/water separator to achieve 99.5% steam quality is required.
Heat recovery steam generator is a high-efficiency steam boiler that uses hot gases from a gas turbine for reciprocating engine to generate steam in a thermodynamic Rankine Cycle. This system is able to generate steam at different pressure levels according to chemical process requirements ( PGTHERMAL, 2009 ).